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The Ultimate Worlds | December 12, 2017

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A Solar Storm Every Angle

A Solar Storm Every Angle
Romano Abraham

A solar flare has been recorded by various satellites and ground-based observatory. X1 . March 29, 2014, the Sun experienced a new eruption of class X1 filmed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO ) of NASA . These eruptions occur in the Sun’s atmosphere . Magnetic fields accelerate particles to considerable energy levels millions of times higher than those of a nuclear explosion as it could produce on Earth.

The most comprehensive ever conducted observation Virtually all means of observing the Sun available were trained on our planet during this eruption March 29 : the IRIS spectrograph to study the chromosphere inner part of the solar atmosphere ) and X-ray spectrograph RHESSI the SDO probe HINODE the satellite and the Japanese Space Agency finally STD telescope National Solar Observatory located in Sacramento , New Mexico.

The coordinated observations are essential for understanding of solar storms and their effects on weather conditions on Earth .

DISCHARGE . In addition to their spectacular appearance , solar flares are sometimes accompanied by ejection of matter ( accelerated particles ) projected at high speed into space from the solar corona ( the outer layer of the solar atmosphere ) .

When they reach the Earth, they can cause disruptions to satellites and thus malfunction GPS and communications.

Solar flares are classified according to the intensity of flow observed in the X-ray band , measured in watts per square meter ( W/m2) . There are four categories : B, C, M and X. Class X denotes the most intense flares , while the associated number provides more information on its power.
The most comprehensive ever conducted observation

Virtually all means of observing the Sun available were trained on our planet during this eruption March 29 : the IRIS spectrograph to study the chromosphere inner part of the solar atmosphere ) and X-ray spectrograph RHESSI the SDO probe HINODE the satellite and the Japanese Space Agency finally STD telescope National Solar Observatory located in Sacramento , New Mexico.

The coordinated observations are essential for understanding of solar storms and their effects on weather conditions on Earth .

DISCHARGE . In addition to their spectacular appearance , solar flares are sometimes accompanied by ejection of matter ( accelerated particles ) projected at high speed into space from the solar corona ( the outer layer of the solar atmosphere ) .

When they reach the Earth, they can cause disruptions to satellites and thus malfunction GPS and communications.

Solar flares are classified according to the intensity of flow observed in the X-ray band , measured in watts per square meter ( W/m2) . There are four categories : B, C, M and X. Class X denotes the most intense flares , while the associated number provides more information on its power.